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Bavanda
Spoken in: Maritima Flag Maritima
Total speakers 19,000
Origin Samoan, Tongan
Language family Austronesian
Regulated by Ministry of Language

Bavanda (IPA: [ba.ˈβãː.da] (native), [bə.ˈvɑːn.də] or [bə.ˈvæn.də] (American), also written as Bavānda) is an Austronesian language spoken in the district of Maritima. There is an Eastern and a Western variant. The Eastern is considered standard.

The former politicial party before being closed down due to racist remarks,
Bubba Gaboosh

A bavanda rebel

 Samoan Power was the only party to think Bavanda should become the official language of the Harvian Islands since it is against American influences.

The language is controled and regulated by the harvian politicial ministry, the Ministry of Language.

Phonology Edit

Consonants Edit

Place of articulation → Labial Coronal Dorsal Glottal
Bi­la­bial Den­tal Al­veo­lar Post­al­veo­lar Pa­la­tal Ve­lar
Manner of articulation ↓
Nasal    m    n        ŋ  
Plosive p  b t  d k  g ʔ  
Fricative ɸ  β (θ)¹    s    (ʃ)¹      h   
Approximant    j
Tap    ɾ²
Lateral Fricative ɬ   
Lateral Approx­imant    l²
  1. Only in English loanwords.
  2. Allophones.

All voiceless plosives may be aspirated, except for /ʔ/.

Vowels Edit

  Front Central Back
Close i       u
Close-mid e²       o³
Mid (ə)¹
Open-mid ɛ²       ɔ³
Open a       ɒ
  1. Only used in unstressed syllables.
  2. /e/ only occurs not nasalized, /ɛ/ only nasalized.
  3. /o/ only occurs not nasalized, /ɔ/ only nasalized.

Vowels can be nasalized and can be long and short.

Grammar Edit

Nouns Edit

There are no cases, only particles. Plural is constructed using reduplication, f.e.: damāroa (man) - dandamāroa (men) and bola (animal) - bōbola (animals). A plural noun always has a long vowel. In order to indicate a group or a collection, the noun is repeated: fare (house) - fare-fare (a group of houses, a village). When indicating something is small, the last syllable is repeated, f.e.: pīre (bird) - pīrere (small bird, tropical perching bird). This system of reduplication can change the meaning of a word as well in some rare instances, f.e. ’aruo (forest) - ’aruo’(u)o (tree). This can even lead to reduplication in phases, a sort of comparison with nouns. F.e. pei (house) - pepei (village) - peipei (town) - pepeipei (large group of houses, city).

Numerals Edit

zero sīru, ’inōtana
one tahi
two ’uā
three tolu
four
five nima
six ’ono
seven fitu
eight valu
nine hīa
ten tangalu
twenty ’uangalu
thirty tolungalu
fourty fangalu
fifty nimangalu
sixty ’onuangalu, ’onongalu
seventy fitungalu
eighty valungalu
ninty jangalu
hundred so

Verbs Edit

The conjunctive is constructed by reduplicating the last syllable, f.e.: kalopēda (bless) - kalopēdada. The imperative is constructed by duplicating the stressed vowel: kalopēda - kalopēpeda.

Pronouns are indicated by adding a short prefix, f.e.: ’ārofa (to love) -> ’a’ārofa (I love). If the verb begins with a consonant, an extra -e- is added: sau (to come) -> da’esau (you come). When the pronoun is omitted, an infinitive is formed. If the particle u is preceding the verb, an adjective is formed, compare ’ārofa (to love) - ’u ’ārofa (loved sth).

Example Edit

  • Se ’a’elai ’i moa ’ālu doavai: Se (past particle) ’a’e- (I) lai (eat) ’i (accusative particle) moa (chicken) ’ālu (I) doavai (yesterday): I ate chicken yesterday (not somebody else).

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